Intense R&D in the area of armour materials at DMRL has generated a few totally indigenous materials and solutions and also provided for timely improvements of armour for imported equipment. More than 40,000 tons of various armours comprising steels, titanium alloys, ceramics and composites have been produced through this effort.
Key developments at DMRL include:
- A low alloy steel, named Jackal, for Infantry Combat Vehicles (ICV), light vehicles and body armour
- State-of-the-art Kanchan compound armour for MBT Arjun Mark-I
- An improved version of Kanchan armour is under development for MBT Arjun Mark-II
- A modified and continuously cast SPADE M1 steel for T-72, MBT Arjun and T-90 tanks
- Armour for BMP-II Urban Survival Kit (BUSK) has been developed meeting multi-hit protection requirements
Jackal Steel Armour
Development of advanced grade high strength low alloy steel Jackal is a spin-off from a decade long research to
develop technology of superior grade steel armour for ICV (BMP-I), Missiles Carrier Armoured Vehicles (MICA) as well as
tanks, which are currently under production in the country. Jackal steel was accepted for these applications after a series
of tests including user trials of a prototype BMP. The technology of Jackal steel has been passed on to Steel Authority of
India Limited (SAIL) and MIDHANI for its bulk production and a few thousand tons of Jackal steel plates have already been
manufactured for various requirements. This unique armour, with the active participation of internal security organisations,
has been adapted for use on other security vehicles.
DMRL has developed a unique composite material, named Kanchan, to be used as armour for MBT Arjun and for
up-armouring the existing Vijayanta tanks. In the firing trials, involving a variety of anti-tank ammunition of extreme
severity, Kanchan’s performance was highly commended. This world-class armour is being used extensively as the main
armour for pre-production series of Arjun Mark-I and also for up-armouring of Vijyanta.