From the Desk of Special Editor

A multitude of environment-related issues arise at high altitude. Their frequency and severity increase with elevation. The result is compromised performance, debility, morbidity and indeed, mortality. These issues can be broadly categorised into hypoxic hypoxemia, cold-related disorders and several assorted conditions loosely categorised as thromboembolic phenomenon.
Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has worked on these problems and has

made several important contributions. Life Sciences laboratories of DRDO, namely, Defence Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences (DIPAS), Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS), and 14 Corps as primary collaborative partners have done pioneering work in this area. Apart from applied physiological aspects, few innovative medical management strategies and new information have been generated that may have a significant bearing on performance of defence and paramilitary forces stationed at high altitude and our understanding of the problems and methodologies to tackle them. Further field and laboratory work is in progress for revalidation before incorporating into routine defence services use. This issue of Technology Focus DEALs with new simple methodologies proposed by DRDO for diagnosis and treatment of mountain sickness and other medical issues.

Lt. Gen. T. Ravindranath