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    CVRDE has developed a range of state-  time) are tele-operated from the base             Major Systems of
of-the-art UGV technologies, systems and   vehicle. The operation is planned in such            MUNTRA UGV
integration/evaluation methodologies       a way that both the base vehicle and the
during this project. The intended terrain  UGV are driven manually to the point             Each of the three MUNTRA UGVs
of deployment of the UGVs is the hot and   of deployment. Then the control of UGV       has a DBW and tele-operation system to
dry desert terrains of the north western   is switched to tele-operated mode from       enable mobility through teleoperation. In
regions of our country.                    the base vehicle and thereafter it is tele-  addition, each of the three UGVs has a
                                           operated by the operator from the base       specific payload to carry out its intended
Base Vehicle                               vehicle. Throughout the mission, the base    mission.
                                           vehicle is static and the UGV is mobile.
    The base vehicle (MUNTRA-B) is         To ensure that the communication link            There are seven major systems in the
a BMP-II platform to match the cross       is always maintained, the antennae are       MUNTRA UGVs. CVRDE has designed,
country performance of the UGVs. All       mounted on a GPS based tracking system       developed, integrated and validated
the three UGVs (but currently one at a     in the base vehicle.                         these seven major modules on the BMP-
                                                                                        II vehicles to convert them into self
                                                                                        contained UGV platforms.

Vehicle platform           Salient Features of the MUNTRA UGVs
Engine power                Tracked, armoured amphibious BMP-II
Deployability               11 t
Mission duration             300 hp
Operational configuration   All terrain, all weather, day and night
Range of tele-operation     8h
Speed of operation          Mobile, unmanned
Communications              5 km LOS (extendable to 20 km LOS)
Encryption                  Max 55 km/h (manual); Max 20 km/h (tele-operation, limited only by safety reasons)
Anti jamming	               Two digital wireless communication links (for video and Cmd/Data)
Vision                      AES
                            Yes (for Cmd/Data)
Obstacle detection suite    Six CCD colour cameras (two on pan/tilt units); One thermal imager
Auxiliary power unit        One stereo colour camera
Dynamic power control
Software frame work         Nodding 2D LIDAR, 3D LIDAR, MMW radar
Battery management          INS/GPS (tightly coupled. 1.5 m CEP)
Unmanned payloads           4.5 kW, tele-operated from MUNTRA-B
                            Yes, through a teleoperated Power Distribution Junction Box (PDJB)
                            JAUS over Linux
                            Through BHMS
                            Surveillance (MUNTRA-S)

                            NBC reconnaissance (MUNTRA-N)

Compliant MIL Standards    Mine Detection & Marking (MUNTRA-M)
                           Environmental : JSS 55555 / MIL STD 810E
                           EMI/EMC : MIL STD 461E
                           Ergonomics : MIL STD 1472D
                           Power conditioning : MIL STD 1275D
                           Documentation : IEEE 12207

12 March-April 2018 							                Unmanned Ground Vehicles: Present and Future
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