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ARMAMENTS & COMBAT ENGINEERING SYSTEMS

     ACE cluster with headquarters at Pune,            R&D establishments come under the purview
is headed by Sh. PK Mehta, Distinguished               of this cluster:
Scientist. It consists of two major domains, viz.,
armaments and combat vehicles & engineering.           • Combat Vehicles Research and Development

     Armaments: Research and development on               Establishment (CVRDE), Chennai
armaments and explosives was one of the earliest
initiatives taken up by DRDO. Armaments                • Defence Terrain Research Laboratory (DTRL),
cluster labs were setup in the 1960s and 70s
and today has high degree of self-reliance in a           Delhi
number of areas, viz., ammunitions, high energy
materials, fire and environmental safety. The          • Research and Development Establishment
laboratories are:
                                                          (Engineers), [R&DE(E)], Pune
• Armaments Research and Development
                                                       • Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment
   Establishment (ARDE), Pune
                                                          (SASE), Chandigarh
• High Energy Materials Research Laboratory
                                                       • Vehicles Research and Development Establishment
   (HEMRL), Pune
                                                          (VRDE), Ahmednagar
• Proof and Experimental Establishment (PXE),
                                                       ARMAMENTS
   Chandipur
                                                       Armament Research and Development
     The traditional production partner for this       Establishment (ARDE)
group of labs has been OFs, and together they
have produced a number of products including                ARDE Pune, is a frontrunner lab in the
5.56 mm Indian Small Arms System (INSAS) rifle         development of conventional armament systems
and ammunition, Light Machine Gun (LMG),               and has fulfilled Users requirements for a long
120 mm and 125 mm tank gun ammunitions,                time. The multi-disciplinary activities of ARDE
illuminating ammunition, and anti-tank mines,          encompasses research, design, development, testing,
Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher System (MBRLS)            evaluation, and transfer of technology. ARDE
‘Pinaka’ most of which are inducted into the           interacts with production agencies such as Ordnance
Indian Army.                                           Factory Board (OFB) and QA agencies. ARDE-
                                                       developed products have succesfully undergone
     Combat Vehicles and Engineering: Combat           rigorous testing under varying environmental
Vehicles and Engineering focuses on the development    conditions. Notable systems developed by the lab
of land-based combat vehicles and engineering          include: 7.62 mm Self-Loading Rifle (SLR), 7.62
equipment and systems along with associated            mm rifle and Light Machine Gun (LMG), 5.56 mm
technologies and their productionisation through       Indian Small Arms System (INSAS), 40 mm Under
ToTs to the production agencies. The systems/          Barrel Grenade Launcher (UBGL), Multi-Barrel
platforms include Main Battle Tanks (MBTs),            Rocket Launcher System (MBRLS) ‘Pinaka’, 105 mm
bridging systems, launchers for missile applications,  Fin-Stabilized Armour Piercing Discarding Sabot
and wheeled vehicles for engineering support.          (FSAPDS) for Vijayanta, 120 mm main armament
Technologies developed by this cluster include         and ammunition system for MBT Arjun, 450 kg
transmission and suspension for tracked vehicles,      High-Speed Low-Drag (HSLD) bomb, etc.
hydro-pneumatic systems for launchers, fire
control and motion control systems. In addition,       Core Competence/Thrust Areas
emphasis is on the development of technologies
for accurate forecast and control of avalanches by     • Design, development and testing and evaluation
carrying out scientific studies and experimental
work in the field of avalanches. The following            of conventional armaments

                                                       • Ballistics and aerodynamics
                                                       • Weapon, munition and warhead technology
                                                       • Multi-barrel artillery rocket launcher system

                                                          technology

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