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     India’s Defence requirements in terms of        Organisational Structure
indigenous systems are today taken care of by
Defence Research & Development Organisation               DRDO is headed by Secretary DD R&D
(DRDO), the organisation which works in providing    & Chairman DRDO. DRDO laboratories are
cutting-edge technologies and systems for India’s    grouped into technology clusters namely;
Armed Forces. The DRDO has come a long way           Aeronautical Systems (AERO), Armaments
since its inception in 1958 to become a major        and Combat Engineering Systems (ACE),
Science & Technology (S&T) force to reckon           Electronics and Communication Systems (ECS),
within the country. Starting as a very small         Life Sciences (LS), Micro Electronic Devices
organisation with only 10 laboratories, DRDO         and Computational Systems (MED & CoS),
has grown multi-dimensionally and emerged as         Missiles and Strategic Systems (MSS), and
a strong and mature organisation with a vast         Naval Systems and Materials (NS & M). Each
network of more than 50 laboratories, spread across  one of these clusters function under the cluster
the country.                                         Director General (DGs). The seven DGs office
                                                     are located at Bengaluru (AERO and ECS),
     DRDO is dedicated towards progressive           Pune (ACE), Delhi (MED & CoS and LS),
enhancement of self-reliance in Defence systems      Hyderabad (MSS) and Vishakhapatnam (NS &
and also enhancement of Research & Development       M). There are more than 50 DRDO labs/estts.
(R&D) infrastructure and capability of the country.  located all over the country. Each DRDO lab/
It has a vision to make the country self-reliant     estt. is headed by a Director. The lab Directors
and independent of foreign technologies in           are the executive authorities having functional
critical spheres, and also to build a reservoir      autonomy and considerable financial powers.
of expertise in the most sensitive scientific        They oversee the functioning of labs as well
and technological domains. DRDO plays many           as the progression of projects undertaken.
significant roles, like providing scientific and     Table 1 gives the labs under each cluster DG.
technological advice to the MoD in support of
defence policy; as evaluator of defence equipment    Table 1. Heads of Technology Domain Based Clusters
for the military operational requirements; and                       with Constituent Laboratories
generating new technological knowledge to
be transferred to the defence industries for         Cluster DG  Laboratories & Establishments
development of state-of-the-art weapon systems.      DG (AERO)
                                                                 ADE, ADRDE, CABS, CEMILAC,
     DRDO has typically worked together with         DG (ACE)    GTRE.
Ordnance Factory Boards (OFBs) and Defence
Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) to build          DG (ECS)    Armaments: ARDE, HEMRL, PXE
products/systems for the nation. However, DRDO                   Combat Vehicles: CVRDE, DTRL,
has also drawn the Indian private sector into its    DG (LS)     R&DE(E), SASE, VRDE.
fold, both because of requirement and with the
view to broadening India’s defence industrial base.  DG (MED &   CHESS, DARE, DEAL, DLRL,
This is in sync with the Government’s vision of      CoS)        IRDE, LASTEC, LRDE.
‘Make in India’ to transform India into a global
manufacturing and innovation hub whose products      DG (MSS)    DEBEL, DFRL, DIBER, DIHAR, DIPAS,
become synonymous with superior quality and          DG          DIPR, DRDE, DRL(T), INMAS.
inspire confidence among global consumers. DRDO       (NS & M)
today, and all along in the past, has made efforts                Micro Electronic Devices: ANURAG,
to achieve this by developing systems/products/                  MTRDC, SSPL.
technologies which provide opportunities for Indian              Computational Systems: CAIR, JCB, SAG
entrepreneurs/industry and business professionals
to manufacture in India.                                         ASL, DRDL, ITR, RCI, TBRL.

                                                                 Naval Systems: NMRL, NPOL, NSTL
                                                                 Materials: DLJ, DMRL, DMSRDE.

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